If you sustain a blow to the head from an car accident, a slip and fall accident or some kind of sports injury, the most likely traumatic brain injury you can suffer from is a concussion. A concussion may be one of the mildest brain injuries, but a concussion can still severely alter your daily life.When it comes to grading concussions, there are three basic systems that are followed by doctors and hospitals. Each one is based from similar principles to the system before it as time changed. No matter which one is used for your concussion, concussion grading scales are important for diagnosis and treatment.
Robert Cantu published his original guidelines in 1986, and he used the following scenarios to classify concussions:
- Grade I Grade one concussions come with no loss of consciousness and less then 30 minutes of post-traumatic amnesia.
- Grade II Grace two concussion patients lose consciousness for less than five minutes or have amnesia for between 30 minutes and 24 hours.
- Grade III People with grade three concussions have a loss of consciousness lasting longer than five minutes or amnesia lasts for 24 hours.
In 2001, Cantu changed some of the guidelines to include other signs in addition to amnesia. After the changes, grade II concussions pertain to ones with loss of consciousness for less than a minute. Those with loss of consciousness for longer than a minute or with signs that last over a week were labeled as grade III.
Colorado Medical Society Guidelines
In response to the wrongful death of a high school student apparently caused by second-impact syndrome (suffering second concussion while still having effects from a first one), the Colorado Medical Society published another set of guidelines in 1991.According to the Colorado Medial Society, a grade I concussion consists of just confusion, grade II includes confusion and post-traumatic amnesia, and grade III and IV imply a loss of consciousness (grade III in seconds and grade IV in minutes).
American Academy of Neurology Guidelines
The guidelines set by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) are based on the guidelines set forth by the Colorado Medical Society. In the AANs guidelines, a grade I concussion is associated with no loss of consciousness and confusion symptoms lasting less than 15 minutes. Grade II concussions are the same only the confusion symptoms last longer than 15 minutes. Grade III concussions are divided into subcategories of IIIa and IIIb: IIIa has loss of consciousness measured in seconds and loss of consciousness measured in minutes. Permanent brain injuries can occur with Grade II or Grade III concussions.
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Since 1992, the brain injury lawyers at the Law Offices of Michael Pines, APC in San Diego have been helping people just like you deal with a personal injury claim if you have physical and emotional damages as a result of a traumatic brain injury. We know that the legal process can at times be very confusing, but our experience can help guide you through the process.Dont worry about fighting insurance companies. Our experienced brain injury attorneys in San Diego are here to help you recover the maximum personal injury settlement with the least amount of stress.If you or a loved one has symptoms of a traumatic brain injury, we urge you to contact our bilingual offices in San Diego as soon as possible following the cause at 1-858-551-2090 or please click here for a FREE consultation with an experienced brain injury attorney. We handle all cases on a contingency fee basis, which means that you owe nothing until we recover money on your behalf.